|Food Stamp Recipients in the United States
What this map layer shows:
The estimated number
of food stamp recipients, by county, for the years 1989, 1993, 1995,
and 1997 to 2002.
States Department of Agriculture, Food
and Nutrition Service (USDA/FNS) Food
Stamp Program is intended to end hunger and improve nutrition
and health by enabling low-income families to buy nutritious food with
coupons and Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) cards. Food stamp recipients
spend their benefits to buy eligible food in authorized retail food stores.
The Food Stamp Program is the cornerstone of the Federal food assistance
programs and provides crucial support to needy households and to those
making the transition from welfare to work. The program is operated by
State and local welfare offices, and the Federal Government oversees
the State operation of the Program. Households must meet income and resource
standards and other eligibility requirements in order to participate
in the Food Stamp Program. Detailed information on requirements is available
from the Food Stamp Program Applicants
and Recipients page.
The U.S. Census Bureau uses information on the estimated number of food
stamp recipients as part of its Small
Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. This program was created by the Census Bureau with support
from other Federal agencies, and provides more current estimates of selected
income and poverty statistics than the most recent decennial census.
Model-based estimates are created for States, counties, and school districts.
The main objective of SAIPE is to provide updated estimates of income
and poverty statistics for the administration of Federal programs and
the allocation of Federal funds to local jurisdictions. Estimates are
modeled using a variety of data sources; in addition to numbers of food
stamp recipients as obtained from the USDA/FNS, these sources include
summarized information from individual Federal income tax returns, and
The Food Stamp Recipients in the United States database includes the
estimated number of food stamp recipients for the years 1989, 1993,
1995, and 1997 to 2002. The estimates are for July of the reference year. The
database was produced by the National Atlas of the United States® from
data obtained from the SAIPE. Included are statistics on the number
of food stamp recipients, estimated county populations for each year,
and the percentage of the county population who received food stamps.
If you download the data for Food Stamp Recipients
in the United States, you may also want to download County Boundaries
data. The 1990 County Boundaries can be used with the 1989 food
stamp recipients estimates to create a map of 1989 food stamp recipients.
The 2000 County Boundaries can be used with the estimates from 1993,
1995, and 1997 to 1999 to create maps of food stamp recipients for
those years. The 2001 County Boundaries can be used with the estimates
from 2000 to 2002 to create maps of food stamp recipients for those
Download 1990 County Boundaries
Download 2000 County Boundaries
Download 2001 County Boundaries